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A Retrospective Survey of Rodent-borne Viruses in Rural Populations of Brazilian Amazon.

Fernandes, Jorlan; Coelho, Thayssa Alves; Oliveira, Renata Carvalho de; Guterres, Alexandro; Vitral, Claudia Lamarca; Teixeira, Bernardo Rodrigues; Santos, Fernando de Oliveira; Oliveira, Jaqueline Mendes de; Silva-Nunes, Mônica da; Horta, Marco Aurélio Pereira; Levis, Silvana C; Ferreira, Marcelo Urbano; Lemos, Elba Regina Sampaio de.
Rev Soc Bras Med Trop; 53: e20190511, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32578703

INTRODUCTION:

The Amazon tropical rainforest has the most dense and diverse ecosystem worldwide. A few studies have addressed rodent-borne diseases as potential hazards to humans in this region.

METHODS:

A retrospective survey was conducted using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for detecting mammarenavirus and orthohantavirus antibodies in 206 samples collected from rural settlers of the Brazilian Western Amazonian region.

RESULTS:

Six (2.91%) individuals in the age group of 16 to 36 years were found to possess antibodies against mammarenavirus.

CONCLUSION:

Evidence of previous exposure to mammarenavirus in the rural population points to its silent circulation in this region.
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