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A multi-method and multi-informant approach to assessing post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in children.

Grant, Bradley R; O'Loughlin, Kerry; Holbrook, Hannah M; Althoff, Robert R; Kearney, Catherine; Perepletchikova, Francheska; Grasso, Damion J; Hudziak, James J; Kaufman, Joan.
Int Rev Psychiatry; : 1-9, 2019 Dec 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31880487
Trauma exposure is highly prevalent among children globally, and is associated with elevated rates of PTSD. The goal of this study was to systematically evaluate the effects of multiple informants and multiple screening measures on the identification of specific PTSD symptoms and rates of PTSD diagnoses. Participants in this study included 350 maltreated children from two cohorts, one recruited from Connecticut (n = 130), and the other from Vermont (n = 220). Both cohorts completed the Screen for Child Anxiety-Related Emotional Disorders (SCARED) before a PTSD self-report measure. The KSADS psychiatric interview was also completed with the Connecticut cohort, with best-estimate ratings generated using parent and child interview, child self-report, and teacher questionnaire data. In addition to the SCARED and PTSD self-report scale, parents of the Vermont cohort completed the Child Behavioural Checklist. Significant differences emerged between parent and child report of sleep, nightmares, concentration, and irritability problems, suggesting the need for multiple informants in PTSD screening. Children also under-reported nightmares when asked in the context of a trauma-specific screening tool. As child trauma is associated with a broad range of psychiatric sequelae, comprehensive assessment using both general symptomatology and trauma-specific measures is recommended, since children often shut down when completing trauma measures.
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