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The Nuclear Matrix Protein SAFB Cooperates with Major Satellite RNAs to Stabilize Heterochromatin Architecture Partially through Phase Separation.

Huo, Xiangru; Ji, Luzhang; Zhang, Yuwen; Lv, Pin; Cao, Xuan; Wang, Qianfeng; Yan, Zixiang; Dong, Shuangshuang; Du, Duo; Zhang, Feng; Wei, Gang; Liu, Yun; Wen, Bo.
Mol Cell; 77(2): 368-383.e7, 2020 01 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31677973
Interphase chromatin is hierarchically organized into higher-order architectures that are essential for gene functions, yet the biomolecules that regulate these 3D architectures remain poorly understood. Here, we show that scaffold attachment factor B (SAFB), a nuclear matrix (NM)-associated protein with RNA-binding functions, modulates chromatin condensation and stabilizes heterochromatin foci in mouse cells. SAFB interacts via its R/G-rich region with heterochromatin-associated repeat transcripts such as major satellite RNAs, which promote the phase separation driven by SAFB. Depletion of SAFB leads to changes in 3D genome organization, including an increase in interchromosomal interactions adjacent to pericentromeric heterochromatin and a decrease in genomic compartmentalization, which could result from the decondensation of pericentromeric heterochromatin. Collectively, we reveal the integrated roles of NM-associated proteins and repeat RNAs in the 3D organization of heterochromatin, which may shed light on the molecular mechanisms of nuclear architecture organization.
Selo DaSilva