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Oral Bacteria and Intestinal Dysbiosis in Colorectal Cancer.

Koliarakis, Ioannis; Messaritakis, Ippokratis; Nikolouzakis, Taxiarchis Konstantinos; Hamilos, George; Souglakos, John; Tsiaoussis, John.
Int J Mol Sci; 20(17)2019 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31450675
The human organism coexists with its microbiota in a symbiotic relationship. These polymicrobial communities are involved in many crucial functions, such as immunity, protection against pathogens, and metabolism of dietary compounds, thus maintaining homeostasis. The oral cavity and the colon, although distant anatomic regions, are both highly colonized by distinct microbiotas. However, studies indicate that oral bacteria are able to disseminate into the colon. This is mostly evident in conditions such as periodontitis, where specific bacteria, namely Fusobacterium nucrelatum and Porphyromonas gingivalis project a pathogenic profile. In the colon these bacteria can alter the composition of the residual microbiota, in the context of complex biofilms, resulting in intestinal dysbiosis. This orally-driven disruption promotes aberrant immune and inflammatory responses, eventually leading to colorectal cancer (CRC) tumorigenesis. Understanding the exact mechanisms of these interactions will yield future opportunities regarding prevention and treatment of CRC.
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