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An initial investigation of neonatal neuroanatomy, caregiving, and levels of disorganized behavior.

Rifkin-Graboi, Anne; Tan, Hui Min; Shaun, Goh Kok Yew; Sim, Lit Wee; Sanmugam, Shamini; Chong, Yap Seng; Tan, Kok Hian; Shek, Lynette; Gluckman, Peter D; Chen, Helen; Fortier, Marielle; Meaney, Michael J; Qiu, Anqi.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A; 116(34): 16787-16792, 2019 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31383763
Attachment disorganization is a risk factor for difficulties in attention, social relationships, and mental health. Conceptually, attachment disorganization may indicate a breakdown in fear regulation resulting from repeated exposure to frightening maternal care. In addition, past research has examined the influence of stress-inducing contextual factors and/or child factors upon the development of disorganization. However, no past work has assessed whether infant neuroanatomy, important to stress regulation, moderates the association between maternal care and levels of disorganized behavior. Here, utilizing data from a subsample of 82 dyads taking part in the "Growing Up in Singapore towards Healthy Outcomes" (GUSTO) cohort, we assessed the prediction from maternal sensitive caregiving at 6 mo and levels of attachment disorganization at 1.5 y, as moderated by hippocampal and amygdala volume determined within the first 2 weeks of life. Results indicate a significant interaction between neonatal left hippocampal volume and maternal sensitivity upon levels of disorganized behavior. Although these results require substantiation in further research, if replicated, they may enable new strategies for the identification of processes important to child mental health and points for intervention. This is because neonatal neuroanatomy, as opposed to genetic variation and sociodemographic risk, may be more directly linked to stress responses within individuals.
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