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Quantifying immune-based counterselection of somatic mutations.

Yang, Fan; Kim, Dae-Kyum; Nakagawa, Hidewaki; Hayashi, Shuto; Imoto, Seiya; Stein, Lincoln; Roth, Frederick P.
PLoS Genet; 15(7): e1008227, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31344031
Somatic mutations in protein-coding regions can generate 'neoantigens' causing developing cancers to be eliminated by the immune system. Quantitative estimates of the strength of this counterselection phenomenon have been lacking. We quantified the extent to which somatic mutations are depleted in peptides that are predicted to be displayed by major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I proteins. The extent of this depletion depended on expression level of the neoantigenic gene, and on whether the patient had one or two MHC-encoding alleles that can display the peptide, suggesting MHC-encoding alleles are incompletely dominant. This study provides an initial quantitative understanding of counter-selection of identifiable subclasses of neoantigenic somatic variation.
Selo DaSilva