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Biological response to peri-implantitis treatment.

Bhavsar, Ishita; Miller, Craig S; Ebersole, Jeffrey L; Dawson, Dolphus R; Thompson, Katherine L; Al-Sabbagh, Mohanad.
J Periodontal Res; 2019 Jul 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31321776

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate biological markers of peri-implantitis (PIP) in crevicular fluid before and after surgical and antimicrobial therapy.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

Forty-eight participants (24 healthy implants and 24 PIP) were clinically evaluated, and peri-implant crevicular fluid (PICF) samples were collected at baseline for both groups, and at 3-months after surgical and antimicrobial treatment (ie, n = 21 PIP completers). Samples were analyzed for interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß), matrix metalloproteinase-8 (MMP-8), and macrophage inflammatory protein-1α (MIP-1α) using immunoassay and the results compared between groups.

RESULTS:

Peri-implantitis sites at baseline demonstrated significantly higher mean periodontal probing depths, percentage bleeding on probing (P ≤ 0.001), and mean IL-1ß concentration in PICF compared to healthy implant sites (17.9 vs 1.7 pg/µL; P = 0.02). Three months after treatment, periodontal probing depths, bleeding on probing, suppuration (P < 0.05), and the mean concentration of MMP-8 decreased significantly compared with baseline (12.1 vs 6.7 ng/µL, P = 0.04). MIP-1α concentrations showed no differences between the groups.

CONCLUSION:

Elevated concentrations of IL-1ß in PICF were consistent with PIP. A decrease in MMP-8 concentration in PICF at three months after treatment is consistent with a healing biological response.
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