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Contribution of Coiled-Coil Assembly to Ca2+/Calmodulin-Dependent Inactivation of TRPC6 Channel and its Impacts on FSGS-Associated Phenotypes.

Polat, Onur K; Uno, Masatoshi; Maruyama, Terukazu; Tran, Ha Nam; Imamura, Kayo; Wong, Chee Fah; Sakaguchi, Reiko; Ariyoshi, Mariko; Itsuki, Kyohei; Ichikawa, Jun; Morii, Takashi; Shirakawa, Masahiro; Inoue, Ryuji; Asanuma, Katsuhiko; Reiser, Jochen; Tochio, Hidehito; Mori, Yasuo; Mori, Masayuki X.
J Am Soc Nephrol; 30(9): 1587-1603, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31266820

BACKGROUND:

TRPC6 is a nonselective cation channel, and mutations of this gene are associated with FSGS. These mutations are associated with TRPC6 current amplitude amplification and/or delay of the channel inactivation (gain-of-function phenotype). However, the mechanism of the gain-of-function in TRPC6 activity has not yet been clearly solved.

METHODS:

We performed electrophysiologic, biochemical, and biophysical experiments to elucidate the molecular mechanism underlying calmodulin (CaM)-mediated Ca2+-dependent inactivation (CDI) of TRPC6. To address the pathophysiologic contribution of CDI, we assessed the actin filament organization in cultured mouse podocytes.

RESULTS:

Both lobes of CaM helped induce CDI. Moreover, CaM binding to the TRPC6 CaM-binding domain (CBD) was Ca2+-dependent and exhibited a 1:2 (CaM/CBD) stoichiometry. The TRPC6 coiled-coil assembly, which brought two CBDs into adequate proximity, was essential for CDI. Deletion of the coiled-coil slowed CDI of TRPC6, indicating that the coiled-coil assembly configures both lobes of CaM binding on two CBDs to induce normal CDI. The FSGS-associated TRPC6 mutations within the coiled-coil severely delayed CDI and often increased TRPC6 current amplitudes. In cultured mouse podocytes, FSGS-associated channels and CaM mutations led to sustained Ca2+ elevations and a disorganized cytoskeleton.

CONCLUSIONS:

The gain-of-function mechanism found in FSGS-causing mutations in TRPC6 can be explained by impairments of the CDI, caused by disruptions of TRPC's coiled-coil assembly which is essential for CaM binding. The resulting excess Ca2+ may contribute to structural damage in the podocytes.
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