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Impact of genetic mutations and nutritional status on the survival of patients with colorectal cancer.

Cavagnari, Mariana Abe Vicente; Silva, Tiago Donizetti; Pereira, Marco Antonio Haddad; Sauer, Luísa Jacques; Shigueoka, David; Saad, Sarhan Sydney; Barão, Katia; Ribeiro, Carla Caroline Dias; Forones, Nora Manoukian.
BMC Cancer; 19(1): 644, 2019 Jun 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31255173

BACKGROUND:

The prognosis of colorectal cancer (CRC) patients can be influenced by genetic mutations and nutritional status. The relationship between these variables is unclear. The objective of the study was to verify the variables involved in the nutritional status and genetic mutations, which correlate with survival of CRC patients.

METHODS:

Patients with surgical intervention for tumor resection were evaluated using body mass index, nutritional screening, patient self-produced global subjective assessment, phase angle, and computed tomography to calculate the areas of visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and subcutaneous adipose tissue, and muscle mass for the determination of sarcopenia. Ten gene mutations involved in CRC carcinogenesis were studied (PIK3CA, KRAS, BRAF, EGFR, NRAS, TP53, APC, PTEN, SMAD4, and FBXW7). DNA was extracted from fresh tumor or paraffin tissues.

RESULTS:

Of the 46 patients, 29 (64.4%) were at nutritional risk and 21 (45.7%) were moderately malnourished. However, there was a high percentage of VAT in 24 (61.5%) and sarcopenia in 19 (48.7%) patients. These variables were associated with a higher risk of mortality. Nutritional risk, moderate or severe malnutrition, phase angle < 5°, VAT < 163.8 cm2 in men and <  80.1 cm2 in women, and sarcopenia were associated with the relative risk of death, with respective hazard ratios/odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals of 8.77 (1.14-67.1), 3.95 (1.11-14.0), 3.79 (1.10-13.1), 3.43 (1.03-11.4), and 3.95 (1.06-14.6). Increased VAT was associated with a lower risk of death, even in patients older than 60 years or those harboring mutated KRAS.

CONCLUSIONS:

Patients with positive indicators for malnutrition or risk of malnutrition had an increased risk of death. No relationship was identified between the presence of mutations and survival.
Selo DaSilva