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Inhibitory effect of Lonchocarpus araripensis lectin in rat acute models of inflammation.

Pires, Alana F; Marques, Gabriela F O; Alencar, Nylane M N DE; Martins, Maria G Q; Silva, Mayara T L DA; Nascimento, Kyria S DO; Cavada, Benildo S; Assreuy, Ana Maria S.
An Acad Bras Cienc; 91(2): e20180991, 2019 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31241705
Dalbergieae tribe lectins, possessing binding affinity for galactose and mannose, present inflammatory and nociceptive effects, while those for N-acetylglucosamine are anti-inflammatory. Since the anti-inflammatory effect of the seed lectin of L. araripensis (LAL) had been already demonstrated in mice, this effect was presently evaluated in rat models of acute inflammation. LAL (0.01-1 mg/kg) was administered by intravenous (i.v.) route in male Wistar rats 30 min before paw edema induction by dextran or carrageenan, and peritonitis by carrageenan. LAL (1 mg/kg) was incubated with N-acetylglucosamine for allowing lectin-sugar interactions before injection into animals. LAL toxicity was evaluated by the parameters body mass, organs weight, stomach macroscopy, hematological and biochemical dosage. Statistical analysis was performed by ANOVA and Bonferroni's test (p<0.05). The paw edema induced by carrageenan (AUC 0.96 ± 0.09) was inhibited by LAL about 39% (0-2 h) at all doses, and about 72% (3-5 h) at 0.1 and 1 mg/kg. The increase in the neutrophil migration stimulated by carrageenan was also inhibited by LAL (83%). In both models, LAL inhibitory effect was prevented by GlcNAc. The sub-chronic treatment with LAL was well tolerated by animals. LAL possesses anti-inflammatory effect via lectin domain, indicating potential modulator role in cellular inflammatory events.
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