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Partial remission in type 1 diabetes and associated factors: Analysis based on the insulin dose-adjusted hemoglobin A1c in children and adolescents from a regional diabetes center, Auckland, New Zealand.

Chiavaroli, Valentina; Derraik, José G B; Jalaludin, Muhammad Y; Albert, Benjamin B; Ramkumar, Selvarajan; Cutfield, Wayne S; Hofman, Paul L; Jefferies, Craig A.
Pediatr Diabetes; 20(7): 892-900, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31237756

BACKGROUND:

Partial remission (PREM) by the insulin dose-adjusted HbA1c (IDAA1c) method has not been evaluated for the combined associations of ethnicity and socioeconomic status in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes (T1D).

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate prevalence and predictors of PREM defined by IDAA1c.

METHODS:

Six hundred fourteen of 678 children (aged <15 years) with new-onset T1D (2000-2013) from a regional pediatric diabetes service (Auckland, New Zealand).

RESULTS:

Overall rate of PREM at 3 months was 42.4%, and lower in Maori/Pacific children (28.6%; P = .006) and those of other ethnicities (28.8%; P = .030) compared with New Zealand Europeans (50.4%). Comparing the most and least deprived socioeconomic quintiles, the odds of PREM were lower among the most deprived (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 0.44; P = .019). Lower rates of PREM were seen in children aged 0 to 4.9 years (23.8%) and 10 to 14 years (40.9%) than in children aged 5 to 9.9 years (57.4%; P < .05). Further predictors of lower rates of PREM were ketoacidosis at diagnosis (aOR 0.54 with DKA; P = .002) and diabetes duration (aOR 0.84 per month; P < .0001). Patient's sex, body mass index standard deviation score, or autoantibodies were not associated with PREM. PREM at 3 months was associated with lower HbA1c over 18 months compared with children not in PREM (65.0 vs 71.3 mmol/mol; P < .0001), independent of ketoacidosis.

CONCLUSIONS:

This study on a regional cohort of youth with T1D showed social and ethnic disparities in rates of PREM defined by IDAA1c. Further research into reducing ketoacidosis rates at diagnosis and addressing factors associated with lower rates of PREM in non-European children are important health priorities.
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