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Prognostic value of health-related quality of life in elderly patients hospitalized with heart failure.

Erceg, Predrag; Despotovic, Nebojsa; Milosevic, Dragoslav P; Soldatovic, Ivan; Mihajlovic, Gordana; Vukcevic, Vladan; Mitrovic, Predrag; Markovic-Nikolic, Natasa; Micovic, Milica; Mitrovic, Dragica; Davidovic, Mladen.
Clin Interv Aging; 14: 935-945, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31190779


Previous research has shown that poor health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is associated with adverse long-term prognosis in patients with heart failure (HF); however, there have been inconsistencies among studies and not all of them confirmed the prognostic value of HRQOL. In addition, few studies involved elderly patients and most focused on all-cause mortality and HF-related hospitalization as outcomes. The aim of our study was to determine whether HRQOL is a predictor and an independent predictor of long-term cardiac mortality, all-cause mortality, and HF-related rehospitalization in elderly patients hospitalized with HF.


This prospective observational study included 200 elderly patients hospitalized with HF in Serbia. HRQOL was measured using the Minnesota Living with Heart Failure questionnaire (MLHFQ). The median follow-up period was 28 months. The primary outcome was cardiac mortality, and all-cause mortality and HF-related rehospitalization were secondary outcomes. Survival analysis was conducted using the Kaplan-Meier method and Cox-proportional hazards regression.


Subjects with poor HRQOL (higher than the median MLHFQ score) had a higher probability of cardiac mortality (P=0.029) and HF-related rehospitalization (P=0.001) during long-term follow-up. Poor HRQOL was an independent predictor of cardiac mortality (HR: 2.051, 95% CI: 1.260-3.339, P=0.004), all-cause mortality (HR: 1.620, 95% CI: 1.076-2.438, P=0.021), and HF-related rehospitalization (HR: 2.040, 95% CI: 1.290-3.227, P=0.002).


HRQOL is an independent predictor of long-term cardiac mortality in elderly patients hospitalized with HF. It also independently predicts all-cause mortality and HF-related rehospitalization. HRQOL could be used as a complementary clinical predictive tool in this patient population.
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