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Predictors of time to sputum smear conversion in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis under treatment.

Bisognin, Francesco; Amodio, Francesco; Lombardi, Giulia; Bacchi Reggiani, Maria Letizia; Vanino, Elisa; Attard, Luciano; Tadolini, Marina; Re, Maria Carla; Dal Monte, Paola.
New Microbiol; 42(3): 171-175, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31157399
Sputum acid-fast bacilli smear conversion is a fundamental index of treatment response and reduced infectivity in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis (P-TB). To date, there are no models to predict the time to sputum conversion based on patient characteristics. This study aims to ascertain the time to sputum conversion in patients with smear-positive P-TB under treatment, and the variables associated with time to smear conversion. We retrospectively evaluated the time to sputum smear conversion of 89 patients with smear-positive P-TB undergoing treatment at the S. Orsola-Malpighi University Hospital, Bologna (Italy), a referral centre for the diagnosis of TB. Multivariate Cox regression analysis was performed to document variables independently associated with time to conversion. Median time to sputum smear conversion was 24 days (IQR 12-54); the sputum smear converted within the first 2 months of treatment in 78.7% patients. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that older age, high baseline mycobacterial load detected by Xpert MTB/RIF, and severity of lung involvement are predictors of persistent smear positivity. The identification of risk factors delaying smear conversion allowed us to develop predictive models that may greatly facilitate the management of smear-positive patients in terms of the duration of respiratory isolation and treatment.
Selo DaSilva