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Focal reduction in left ventricular 123I-metaiodobenzylguanidine uptake and impairment in systolic function in patients with Anderson-Fabry disease.

Spinelli, Letizia; Imbriaco, Massimo; Giugliano, Giuseppe; Nappi, Carmela; Gaudieri, Valeria; Riccio, Eleonora; Pisani, Antonio; Trimarco, Bruno; Cuocolo, Alberto.
J Nucl Cardiol; 2019 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31087266

BACKGROUND:

Abnormalities of cardiac sympathetic innervation have been demonstrated in Anderson-Fabry disease (AFD). We aimed to investigate the relationship between regional left ventricular (LV) denervation and regional function abnormalities.

METHODS:

Twenty-four AFD patients (43.7 ± 12.8 years) were studied by 123I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) cardiac imaging and speckle-tracking echocardiography. Segmental tracer uptake was estimated according to 0 to 4 score, and total defect score (TDS) was calculated for each patient.

RESULTS:

Segmental longitudinal strain worsened as MIBG uptake score increased (P < 0.001). By ROC analysis, a segmental longitudinal strain > - 16.2% predicted a segmental MIBG uptake score ≥1, with 79.7% sensitivity and 65.3% specificity. Segmental MIBG uptake defects were found in 13 out 24 AFD patients. LV mass index (60.8 ± 10.1 vs. 41.4 ± 9.8 g/h2.7), relative wall thickness (0.51 ± 0.06 vs. 0.40 ± 0.06), systolic pulmonary artery pressure (35.2 ± 6.7 vs. 27.2 ± 4.2 mmHg), and longitudinal strain (- 14.3 ± 2.7 vs. -19.4 ± 1.8%) were significantly higher in patients with segmental defect (all P < 0.01). At multivariate linear regression analysis, global longitudinal strain was independently associated with TDS (B = 3.007, 95% confidence interval 1.384 to 4.630, P = 0.001).

CONCLUSIONS:

Reduced cardiac MIBG uptake reflects the severity of cardiac involvement in AFD patients. LV longitudinal function impairment seems to be an earlier disease feature than regional myocardial denervation.
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