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Leishmania infantum ß-Tubulin Identified by Reverse Engineering Technology through Phage Display Applied as Theranostic Marker for Human Visceral Leishmaniasis.

Costa, Lourena E; Alves, Patrícia T; Carneiro, Ana Paula; Dias, Ana C S; Fujimura, Patrícia T; Araujo, Galber R; Tavares, Grasiele S V; Ramos, Fernanda F; Duarte, Mariana C; Menezes-Souza, Daniel; Briza, Peter; Briza, Fátima F; Coelho, Eduardo A F; Goulart, Luiz Ricardo.
Int J Mol Sci; 20(8)2019 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31013713
Two Leishmania infantum mimotopes (B10 and C01) identified by phage display showed to be antigenic and immunogenic for visceral (VL) and tegumentary (TL) leishmaniasis; however, their biological targets in the parasites have not been identified. The aim of the present study was to investigate the native antigens expressing both mimotopes, and to use them in distinct immunological assays. For this, a subtractive phage display technology was used, where a combinatorial library of single-chain variable fragments (scFv) was employed and the most reactive monoclonal antibodies for each target were captured, being the target antigens identified by mass spectrometry. Results in immunoblotting and immunoprecipitation assays showed that both monoclonal scFvs antibodies identified the ß-tubulin protein as the target antigen in L. infantum. To validate these findings, the recombinant protein was cloned, purified and tested for the serodiagnosis of human leishmaniasis, and its immunogenicity was evaluated in PBMC derived from healthy subjects and treated or untreated VL patients. Results showed high diagnostic efficacy, as well as the development of a specific Th1 immune response in the cell cultures, since higher IFN-γ and lower IL-10 production was found.
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