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Annexin A3 depletion overcomes resistance to oxaliplatin in colorectal cancer via the MAPK signaling pathway.

Xu, Ruisi; Yin, Jian; Zhang, Ying; Zhang, Siqi.
J Cell Biochem; 120(9): 14585-14593, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30998268
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a common disease with high mortality and morbidity. Annexin A3 (ANXA3) belongs to the structurally homologous family of Ca2+ and phospholipid-binding proteins. This study aimed to investigate the effects and potential mechanisms of ANXA3 on oxaliplatin (Ox) resistance in CRC. We generated two human CRC cell lines (HCT116/Ox and SW480/Ox) with acquired Ox resistance and determined their resistance properties. ANXA3 expression and cell apoptosis, migration and invasion also were evaluated. We found that cell viability of HCT116/Ox and SW480/Ox was higher than that in parental cells in the presence of Ox. ANXA3 was highly expressed in HCT116/Ox and SW480/Ox cells. ANXA3 downregulation diminished cell survival, migration and invasion, while increased the apoptosis of HCT116 and SW480 with or without Ox. Moreover, depletion of ANXA3 reduced cell viability and BrdU incorporation, increased cell apoptosis and c-caspase 3 expression in HCT116/Ox with or without Ox. A transwell assay determined that knockdown of ANXA3 impeded the migration and invasion of HCT116/Ox and SW480/Ox cells. Additionally, phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) decreased upon ANXA3 depletion in HCT116/Ox cells, and ANXA3 silencing suppressed Ox-induced activation of ERK and JNK signaling pathway. ANXA3 downregulation reduced Ox resistance in CRC, and treatment with the ERK inhibitor PD098059 or JNK inhibitor SP600125 contributed to this process. These results indicate that silencing ANXA3 could overcome Ox resistance in CRC via the mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling pathway.
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