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miR-20a inhibits hypoxia-induced autophagy by targeting ATG5/FIP200 in colorectal cancer.

Che, Jing; Wang, Wenshan; Huang, Yu; Zhang, Lu; Zhao, Jing; Zhang, Peng; Yuan, Xianglin.
Mol Carcinog; 58(7): 1234-1247, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30883936
Autophagy is a highly conserved lysosome-mediated protective cellular process in which cytosolic components, including damaged organelles and long-lived proteins, are cleared. Many studies have shown that autophagy was upregulated in hypoxic regions. However, the precise molecular mechanism of hypoxia-induced autophagy in colorectal cancer (CRC) is still elusive. In this study, we found that miR-20a was significantly downregulated under hypoxia in colon cancer cells, and overexpression of miR-20a alleviated hypoxia-induced autophagy. Moreover, miR-20a inhibits the hypoxia-induced autophagic flux by targeting multiple key regulators of autophagy, including ATG5 and FIP200. Furthermore, by dual-luciferase assay we demonstrated that miR-20a directly targeted the 3'-untranslated region of ATG5 and FIP200, regulating their messenger RNA and protein levels. In addition, reintroduction of exogenous ATG5 or FIP200 partially reversed miR-20a-mediated autophagy inhibition under hypoxia. A negative correlation between miR-20a and its target genes is observed in the hypoxic region of colon cancer tissues. Taken together, our findings suggest that hypoxia-mediated autophagy was regulated by miR-20a/ATG5/FI200 signaling pathway in CRC. miR-20a-mediated autophagy defect that might play an important role in hypoxia-induced autophagy during colorectal tumorigenesis.
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