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[Alleles dropout patterns of Y-short tandem repeats in infertile males with Y chromosome microdeletions].

Wang, Yan Chao; Ma, Xiao Yan; Sun, Xiao Fang; Xian, Jia Jia; Li, Shao Ying; He, Wen Zhi; Wang, Xiao Man; Li, Qing.
Yi Chuan; 41(3): 243-253, 2019 Mar 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30872260
Y chromosomal short tandem repeat (Y-STR) typing is the most commonly used genetic technique in forensic studies. However, there may be a limit to the application of Y-STR in forensic science as Y-STR loci are subject to loss or variation caused by the higher chromosomal structures' spontaneous mutation rate. Located in the long arm of the Y chromosome, azoospermia factor (AZF) have been shown to participate in spermatogenesis and its deletion could cause infertility. However, little is known about the Y-STR dropout pattern in individuals with Y chromosome microdeletions. In this study, 85 infertile males with Y chromosome interstitial deletion were identified and special Y-STR allele dropout patterns were analyzed by employing a Y-STR Commercial Kit and a Y chromosome Deletion Kit. Results demonstrate that AZF a region deletion are related to DYS439-DYS389I-DYS389II alleles dropout, while AZF b region or c region deletions correlate to DYS448 allele dropout. Null DYS385-DYS392-DYS448 alleles were observed in AZF b+c+d region deletion individuals. While null DYS390-Y-GATA-H4-DYS385-DYS392-DYS448 alleles were observed in AZF a+b+c+d large region deletion individuals. Our data suggest that Y chromosome microdeletions may indicate specific Y-STR locus dropout patterns.
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