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Mechanical Thrombectomy Outcome Predictors in Stroke Patients with M2 Occlusion: A Single-Center Retrospective Study.

Jiang, Lin; Xia, Wen-Qing; Huang, Huan; Liu, Ke-Qin; Si, Xiao-Li; Zhao, Xin-Yi; Yin, Cong-Guo.
World Neurosurg; 127: e155-e161, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30872195

BACKGROUND:

Mechanical thrombectomy (MT) has demonstrated benefit in patients with acute ischemic stroke due to proximal large-vessel occlusion. However, it is unclear whether these results can be extrapolated to patients with an occlusion of the second segment (M2) of the middle cerebral artery (MCA). We sought to study outcomes in patients with M2 occlusion treated with MT and to better understand clinical predictors of these outcomes.

METHODS:

We performed a single-center retrospective analysis of consecutive patients with acute MCA M2 segment occlusion who underwent stent retriever MT. We correlated clinical and radiographic outcomes with demographic, clinical, and technical characteristics.

RESULTS:

Thirty-seven patients were included in the analysis (median admission National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale [NIHSS] score, 15 [12-19], mean age 74 [67-80] years, 48.6% women). Good clinical outcome at 3 months (modified Rankin Scale ≤2) was achieved in 48.6% of patients. Baseline NIHSS was a predictor of clinical outcomes, based on modified Rankin Scale distribution at 3 months after MT (P = 0.015, odds ratio 1.63, 95% confidence interval 1.01-2.43).

CONCLUSIONS:

The results of our single-institution experience suggest that MT-based endovascular therapy for M2 occlusions is safe and effective. Baseline NIHSS was a predictor of outcomes in patients treated with MT for M2 segment occlusion of the MCA.
Selo DaSilva