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Preclinical safety evaluation of the adrenomedullin-binding antibody Adrecizumab in rodents, dogs and non-human primates.

Geven, Christopher; Kox, Matthijs; Blet, Alice; Mebazaa, Alexandre; Schroedter, Mathias; Struck, Joachim; Bergmann, Andreas; Pickkers, Peter.
Toxicol Appl Pharmacol; 369: 1-16, 2019 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30822437
Adrenomedullin (ADM) is a vasoactive peptide in sepsis. The non-neutralizing ADM-binding antibody Adrecizumab improved outcome in animal models of systemic inflammation and sepsis. Herein, we evaluated the preclinical safety of Adrecizumab in various animal species. First, Wistar rats received vehicle, 100, 200 or 400 mg/kg/day of Adrecizumab intravenously (n = 20 each) on days 1, 4, 8 and 14. An additional set of rats received vehicle or 400 mg/kg/day (n = 10 each) on the same days and were followed for 42 days. For toxicokinetics, satellite animals received vehicle (n = 6), 100, 200, or 400 mg/kg/day Adrecizumab intravenously (n = 18 each). A hemodynamic study was performed in Beagle dogs (n = 3) receiving vehicle (day 1), 2 mg/kg (day 3), 10 mg/kg (day 5), 50 mg/kg (day 8) and 10 mg/kg Adrecizumab intravenously (day 29). In final experiments, cynomolgus monkeys received vehicle, 25, 50 or 100 mg/kg/day Adrecizumab intravenously (n = 6 each) on days 1, 4, 8 and 14. Additional groups of monkeys received vehicle or 100 mg/kg/day Adrecizumab intravenously (n = 4 each) on the same days and were followed for 42 days. No mortality or moribund conditions occurred and no toxicologically relevant effects were attributed to Adrecizumab. Adrecizumab significantly increased circulating concentrations of its target peptide ADM, consistent with previous studies and mechanistically relevant. Toxicokinetic analyses showed immediate and dose-dependent peak concentrations, slow elimination and no gender differences. In conclusion, intravenous, repeated administration of high doses of Adrecizumab appeared well-tolerated across species. These results pave the way for further investigation of Adrecizumab in humans (intended dose of 2 mg/kg).
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