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Trapping of diffusing particles by small absorbers localized in a spherical region.

Berezhkovskii, Alexander M; Dagdug, Leonardo; Bezrukov, Sergey M.
J Chem Phys; 150(6): 064107, 2019 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30769973
We study trapping of particles diffusing in a spherical cavity with an absorbing wall containing small static spherical absorbers localized in a spherical region in the center of the cavity. The focus is on the competition between the absorbers and the cavity wall for diffusing particles. Assuming that the absorbers and, initially, the particles are uniformly distributed in the central region, we derive an expression for the particle trapping probability by the cavity wall. The expression gives this probability as a function of two dimensionless parameters: the transparency parameter, characterizing the efficiency of the particle trapping by the absorbers, and the ratio of the absorber-containing region radius to that of the cavity. This work is a generalization of a recent study by Krapivsky and Redner [J. Chem. Phys. 147, 214903 (2017)] who considered the case where the absorber-containing region occupies the entire cavity. The expression for the particle trapping probability is derived in the framework of a steady-state approach which, in our opinion, is much simpler than the time-dependent approach used in the above-mentioned study.
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