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Prevalence and genotype distribution of human papillomavirus among 9945 women from the Nanhai area of Foshan.

Yuan, Xiao-Wen; Li, Yi-Jian; Qiu, Quan; Luo, Zi-Yuan; Zhao, Xue-Feng.
BMC Infect Dis; 19(1): 71, 2019 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30658581

BACKGROUND:

To provide a scientific basis for the prevention and treatment of cervical cancer (CC), we investigated the distribution characteristics and genotypes of human papillomavirus (HPV) and the prevalence of multiple HPV infections in women of different ages seeking management for abnormal cytology in Foshan City.

METHODS:

Screening for the 21 genotypes of HPV was carried out in 9945 females seeking management of abnormal cervical cytology results using rapid flow-through hybridization of nucleic acid molecules. The overall prevalence, genotype distribution and age-specific prevalence were examined.

RESULTS:

Our results indicate that the prevalence of overall, high-risk, intermediate-risk, and low-risk HPV infections was 13.5%, 12.1%, 1.3%, and 1.9%, respectively. Of the 1346 women who tested positive, 89.5% were positive for a single HPV genotype, and 10.5% were positive for ≥2 genotypes. The most frequently detected HPV genotype was HPV-16 (2.9%), followed by HPV-52 (2.9%), HPV-58 (1.5%), and HPV-CP8304 (1.0%). The highest infection prevalence was found in patients 21-30 years old (271/1670, 16.2%).

CONCLUSION:

The prevalence of HPV infection in women seeking management for abnormal cytology in Foshan City is highest in the younger population (21-30 years old). Similar to most previous surveys, HPV-58 and HPV-52 infections are as common as HPV-16 infection.
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