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[Metabolic effects of egg white enzymatic hydrolyzates: prospects of use in persons with metabolic syndrome (short review)].

Mazo, V K; Sidorova, Yu S; Sharafetdinov, Kh Kh; Kochetkova, A A.
Vopr Pitan; 87(5): 63-69, 2018.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30592891
The metabolic syndrome (MS), which is characterized by significant prevalence, constant growth of patients' number and high rate of cardiovascular complications, is one of actual problems of modern medicine. A way for optimization of the dietary status of patients with MS is the use of specialized foods with optimized chemical composition in their complex treatment. These products allow to correct hyperglycemia, dyslipidemia and antioxidant status disorders. The publications of the last decade show high interest of scientists to the problem of use of enzymatic hydrolysates of food proteins in dietary preventive products for people with metabolic disorders. High biological value of chicken egg protein and its enzymatic hydrolysates define the prospects of their use in specialized foods aimed at correction and/or prevention of MS clinical implications. The hydrolysis of chicken egg protein leads to the formation of biologically active peptides with antioxidant, hypotensive, anticoagulant and some other effects. As functional food ingredient, the enzymatic hydrolysate of chicken egg protein has some advantages over native protein - higher water solubility, digestibility and absorption in gastrointestinal tract. The results of preclinical in vitro and in vivo studies on evaluation of hypolipidemic effects of chicken egg protein and its enzymatic hydrolysates are discussed in this review. The analysis of the presented publications shows, that introduction of chicken egg protein and its enzymatic hydrolysates into the diet of animals with induced metabolic syndrome had hypolipidemic and antihypertensive effects. The main mechanisms of hypolipidemic action of protein hydrolysates and peptides in gastrointestinal tract are briefly discussed in this review. The prospects of the production of enzymatic hydrolysates of chicken egg protein with defined hypolipidemic properties for their inclusion into dietary products for prevention and treatment of MS are proved in the review.
Selo DaSilva