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Prevalence of a nematode castrator of the carrot weevil and impact on fecundity and survival.

Gagnon, Annie-Ève; Boivin, Guy; Bélair, Guy; Mimee, Benjamin.
Parasitology; : 1-6, 2018 Dec 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30567618
Bradynema listronoti is a parasitic nematode described from infected specimens of the carrot weevil Listronotus oregonensis. Prevalence of infection by B. listronoti under field conditions was followed over a period of 16 years in an untreated carrot field. Susceptibility of different carrot weevil life stages was evaluated as well as the impact of infection on fecundity and mortality. Gene expression in infected and uninfected carrot weevils was also compared to evaluate the impact of the parasite on the host transcriptome. Prevalence of B. listronoti in carrot weevil populations was sustained over the years ranging from 20 to 63%. All the weevil stages exposed to B. listronoti inoculum were susceptible to infection, larvae being more vulnerable (59 ± 8% infected) compared with pupae (4 ± 3% infected) and adults (7 ± 3% infected). The fecundity of infected female weevils was greatly reduced (60-fold) due to an inhibition of the maturation of the reproductive system. Transcriptomic analyses revealed that this parasitic castration may have been triggered by the inhibition of reproductive hormone production. The B. listronoti-L. oregonensis interaction represents a case of parasitic castration with a unique potential for biological control of an important pest of carrots.
Selo DaSilva