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Computational Analysis Supports IL-17A as a Central Driver of Neutrophil Extracellular Trap-Mediated Injury in Liver Ischemia Reperfusion.

Tohme, Samer; Yazdani, Hamza O; Sud, Vikas; Loughran, Patricia; Huang, Hai; Zamora, Ruben; Simmons, Richard L; Vodovotz, Yoram; Tsung, Allan.
J Immunol; 202(1): 268-277, 2019 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30504418
Hepatic ischemia reperfusion (I/R) is a clinically relevant model of acute sterile inflammation leading to a reverberating, self-sustaining inflammatory response with resultant necrosis. We hypothesized that computerized dynamic network analysis (DyNA) of 20 inflammatory mediators could help dissect the sequence of post-I/R mediator interactions that induce injury. Although the majority of measured inflammatory mediators become elevated in the first 24 h, we predicted that only a few would be secreted early in the process and serve as organizational centers of downstream intermediator complexity. In support of this hypothesis, DyNA inferred a central organizing role for IL-17A during the first 3 h of reperfusion. After that, DyNA revealed connections among almost all the inflammatory mediators, representing an ongoing cytokine storm. Blocking IL-17A immediately after reperfusion disassembled the inflammatory networks and protected the liver from injury. Disassembly of the networks was not achieved if IL-17A blockage was delayed two or more hours postreperfusion. Network disassembly was accompanied by decrease in neutrophil infiltration and neutrophil extracellular trap (NET) formation. By contrast, administration of recombinant IL-17A increased neutrophil infiltration, NET formation, and liver necrosis. The administration of DNase, a NET inhibitor, significantly reduced hepatic damage despite prior administration of IL-17A, and DNase also disassembled the inflammatory networks. In vitro, IL-17A was a potent promoter of NET formation. Therefore, computational analysis identified IL-17A's early, central organizing role in the rapid evolution of a network of inflammatory mediators that induce neutrophil infiltration and NET formation responsible for hepatic damage after liver I/R.
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