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Cutting Edge: FHR-1 Binding Impairs Factor H-Mediated Complement Evasion by the Malaria Parasite Plasmodium falciparum.

Reiss, Timo; Rosa, Thiago F de A; Blaesius, Katharina; Bobbert, Rebecca P; Zipfel, Peter F; Skerka, Christine; Pradel, Gabriele.
J Immunol; 201(12): 3497-3502, 2018 12 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30455399
Human complement is the first line of defense against invading pathogens, including the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum We previously demonstrated that human complement represents a particular threat for the clinically relevant blood stages of the parasite. To evade complement-mediated destruction, the parasites acquire factor H (FH) via specific receptors. We now report that the FH-related protein FHR-1 competes with FH for binding to the parasites. FHR-1, which is composed of five complement control protein domains with variable homology to FH but lacks C3b regulatory activity, accumulates on the surfaces of intraerythrocytic schizonts and free merozoites. Although binding of FH to schizont-infected RBCs and merozoites is increased in FHR-1-deficient human serum, the addition of recombinant FHR-1 decreases FH binding. The presence of FHR-1 consequently impairs C3b inactivation and parasite viability. We conclude that FHR-1 acts as a protective factor in human immunity by counteracting FH-mediated microbial complement evasion.
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