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In vivo evaluation of [11C]TMI, a COX-2 selective PET tracer, in baboons.

Kumar, J S Dileep; Zanderigo, Francesca; Prabhakaran, Jaya; Rubin-Falcone, Harry; Parsey, Ramin V; Mann, J John.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett; 2018 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30396759
Overexpression of Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) enzyme is associated with the pathogenesis of inflammation, cancers, stroke, arthritis, and neurological disorders. Because of the involvement of COX-2 in these diseases, quantification of COX-2 expression using Positron Emission Tomography (PET) may be a biological marker for early diagnosis, monitoring of disease progression, and an indicator of effective treatment. At present there is no target-specific or validated PET tracer available for in vivo quantification of COX-2. The objective of this study is to evaluate [11C]TMI, a selective COX-2 inhibitor (Ki ≤ 1 nM) in nonhuman primates using PET imaging. PET imaging in baboons showed that [11C]TMI penetrates the blood brain barrier (BBB) and accumulates in brain in a somewhat heterogeneous pattern. Metabolite analyses indicated that [11C]TMI undergoes no significant metabolism of parent tracer in the plasma for baseline scans, however a relative faster metabolism was found for blocking scan. All the tested quantification approaches provide comparable tracer total distribution volume (VT) estimates in the range of 3.2-7 (mL/cm3). We observed about 25% lower VT values in blocking studies with meloxicam, a nonselective COX-2 inhibitor, compared to baseline [11C]TMI binding. Our findings indicate that [11C]TMI may be a suitable PET tracer for the quantification of COX-2 in vivo. Further experiments are needed to confirm the potential of this tracer in COX-2 overexpressing models for brain diseases.
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