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Normocalcemic Primary Hyperparathyroidism: A Comparison with the Hypercalcemic Form in a Tertiary Referral Population.

Pierreux, Jan; Bravenboer, Bert.
Horm Metab Res; 50(11): 797-802, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30396209
Normocalcemic primary hyperparathyroidism (NPHPT) is a formally recognized variant of primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT), characterized by normal total and ionized serum calcium concentrations and elevated parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels, in the absence of secondary causes for hyperparathyroidism. NPHPT has been studied previously, but data are limited and confounded. We aimed to compare the clinical and biochemical data of normocalcemic and hypercalcemic subjects in a hospital-based population.We retrospectively analysed the medical records of 131 subjects diagnosed with PHPT at the university hospital Brussels (UZ Brussel) between January 1st 2007 and December 31st 2016, including 25 normocalcemic and 106 hypercalcemic subjects.The mean values of age, BMI, sex, serum 25-OH vitamin D levels and urinary phosphate excretion were comparable between both groups. Subjects diagnosed with NPHPT had significantly lower plasma PTH levels, lower urinary calcium excretion and lower serum creatinine levels compared to the hypercalcemic subjects with PHPT. Corresponding eGFR values were higher in the normocalcemic group. Normocalcemic subjects (NPHPT) presented with a high prevalence of nephrolithiasis (36%), fragility fractures (12%) and osteoporosis (25%). Clinical manifestations and BMD measurements revealed no statistically significant differences between both groups.Our data show a relative prevalence of 19% NPHPT in PHPT. NPHPT may present the earliest form of PHPT with an extension in time, but is not an indolent disease state. Normocalcemic subjects should be managed as hypercalcemic subjects with PHPT. Further research regarding the pathophysiology and natural course of NPHPT is required.
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