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Aberrant miRNAs expressed in HER-2 negative breast cancers patient.

Braicu, Cornelia; Raduly, Lajos; Morar-Bolba, Gabriela; Cojocneanu, Roxana; Jurj, Ancuta; Pop, Laura-Ancuta; Pileczki, Valentina; Ciocan, Cristina; Moldovan, Alin; Irimie, Alexandru; Eniu, Alexandru; Achimas-Cadariu, Patriciu; Paradiso, Angelo; Berindan-Neagoe, Ioana.
J Exp Clin Cancer Res; 37(1): 257, 2018 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30342533

BACKGROUND:

Breast cancer is a highly heterogeneous pathology, exhibiting a number of subtypes commonly associated with a poor outcome. Due to their high stability, microRNAs are often regarded as non-invasive cancer biomarkers, having an expression pattern specific for their 'cell of origin'.

METHOD:

Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC: ER-, PR-, Her-2-) and double positive breast cancer (DPBC: ER+, PR+, Her-2) miRNA expression patterns were obtained by analysis of the TCGA (The Cancer Genome Atlas) data, followed by PCR-array analysis on plasma samples from 20 TNBC patients, 14 DPBC patients and 11 controls.

RESULTS:

Three downregulated and nine upregulated miRNAs were obtained from the TNBC analysis. Five overexpressed miRNAs were identified in the DPBC group. Four of the dysregulated miRNAs (miR-10a, miR-125b, miR-210 and miR-489) were common for both groups. The cluster miR-17-92 (miR-17, miR-20a, miR-20b, and miR-93), along with miR-130, miR-22 and miR-29a/c, were found to differentiate between TNBC and DPBC. A panel of five transcripts (miR-10a, miR-125, miR-193b, miR-200b and miR-489) was validated in a new set of plasma samples. The overlapping of TCGA and plasma profiling data revealed miR-200b, miR-200c, miR-210 and miR-29c as common signature. MiR-200b was validated on additional normal and tumor tissue samples. The expression level of this transcript from the TCGA data was correlated with lung and bone metastatic genes.

CONCLUSION:

The miR-200b presents a great potential for the future advancements in the diagnostic/prognostic and therapeutic approach of TNBC, along with other coding or non-coding transcripts. However, this needs to be further integrated in a regulatory network that acts in conjunction with other markers that affect the patients' prognosis or response to therapy.
Selo DaSilva