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Inhibition of AURKA Reduces Proliferation and Survival of Gastrointestinal Cancer Cells With Activated KRAS by Preventing Activation of RPS6KB1.

Wang-Bishop, Lihong; Chen, Zheng; Gomaa, Ahmed; Lockhart, Albert Craig; Salaria, Safia; Wang, Jialiang; Lewis, Keeli B; Ecsedy, Jeffrey; Washington, Kay; Beauchamp, Robert Daniel; El-Rifai, Wael.
Gastroenterology; 2018 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30342037
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Activation of KRAS signaling and overexpression of the aurora kinase A (AURKA) are often detected in luminal gastrointestinal cancers. We investigated regulation of ribosomal protein S6 kinase B1 (RPS6KB1) by AURKA and the effects of alisertib, an AURKA inhibitor, in mice xenograft tumors grown from human gastrointestinal cancer cells with mutant, activated forms of KRAS.

METHODS:

We tested the effects of alisertib, or AURKA overexpression or knock down, in 10 upper gastrointestinal or colon cancer cell lines with KRAS mutations or amplifications using the CellTiter-Glo luminescence and clonogenic cell survival assays. We used the proximity ligation in situ assay to evaluate protein co-localization and immunoprecipitation to study protein interactions. Nude mice with xenograft tumors grown from HCT116, SNU-601, SW480, or SNU-1 cells were given oral alisertib (40 mg/kg, 5 times/week) for 4 weeks. Tumor samples were collected and analyzed by immunoblots and immunohistochemistry. Tissue microarrays from 151 paraffin-embedded human colon tumors, with adjacent normal and adenoma tissues, were analyzed by immunohistochemistry for levels of AURKA.

RESULTS:

Alisertib reduced proliferation and survival of cell lines tested. AURKA knockdown or inhibition with alisertib reduced levels of phosphorylated RPS6KB1 (at T389), and increased levels of proteins that induce apoptosis including BIM, cleaved PARP, and cleaved caspase 3. AURKA co-localized and interacted with RPS6KB1, mediating RPS6KB1 phosphorylation at T389. We detected AURKA-dependent phosphorylation of RPS6KB1 in cell lines with mutations in KRAS, but not in cells with wild-type Ras. Administration of alisertib to mice with xenograft tumors significantly reduce tumor volumes (P < .001). The agent reduced phosphorylation of RPS6KB1 and Ki-67, and increased levels of cleaved caspase 3, in tumor tissues. In analyses of tissue microarrays, we found significant overexpression of AURKA in gastrointestinal tumor tissues compared with non-tumor tissues (P=.0003).

CONCLUSION:

In studies of gastrointestinal cancer cell lines with activated KRAS, we found AURKA to phosphorylate RPS6KB1 to promote cell proliferation and survival and growth of xenograft tumors in mice. Agents that inhibit AURKA might slow growth of gastrointestinal tumors with activation of KRAS.
Selo DaSilva