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Different Characteristics of Hepcidin Expression in IL-6+/+ and IL-6-/- Neurons and Astrocytes Treated with Lipopolysaccharides.

Ma, Juan; Zhang, Fa-Li; Zhou, Gan; Bao, Yu-Xin; Shen, Yuan; Qian, Zhong-Ming.
Neurochem Res; 2018 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29923037
A region-specific regulation of inflammation on the expression hepcidin in the brain has been demonstrated, however, it remains unknown whether there is also a cell-specific regulation of inflammation on hepcidin in the brain. Here, we investigated the effects of lipopolysaccharides (LPS) on the expression of hepcidin mRNA and also the expression of IL-6 mRNA, the phosphorylation of STAT3 and the expression of ferroportin 1 (Fpn1) and ferritin light chain (Ft-L) proteins in neurons and astrocytes obtained from wild type (IL-6+/+) and IL-6 knockout (IL-6-/-) mice. We demonstrated that the responses of the expression of hepcidin and IL-6 mRNAs, the phosphorylation of STAT3, and the expression of Fpn1 protein to LPS in IL-6+/+ astrocytes and also the responses of the expression of hepcidin mRNA, the phosphorylation of STAT3 and the expression of Fpn1 protein to IL-6 in IL-6-/- astrocytes were much stronger than those in IL-6+/+ and IL-6-/- neurons. A significant increase in Ft-L was found in LPS-treated IL-6+/+ and IL-6-treated IL-6-/- astrocytes, but not in LPS-treated IL-6+/+ and IL-6-treated IL-6-/- neurons. Our findings provide in vitro evidence for the existence of a cell-specific regulation of LPS on the expression of hepcidin and also Ft-L in the brain.
Selo DaSilva