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Loss of Drosha underlies dopaminergic neuron toxicity in models of Parkinson's disease.

Wang, Ronglin; Lu, Fangfang; Zhu, Gang; Feng, Dayun; Nie, Tiejian; Tao, Kai; Yang, Shaosong; Lei, Jie; Huang, Lu; Mao, Zixu; Yang, Qian.
Cell Death Dis; 9(6): 693, 2018 06 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29880811
MiRNAs, a group of powerful modulator of gene expression, participate in multiple cellular processes under physiological and pathological conditions. Emerging evidence shows that Drosha, which controls the initial step in canonical miRNA biogenesis, is involved in modulating cell survival and death in models of several diseases. However, the role of Drosha in Parkinson's disease (PD) has not been well established. Here, we show that the level of Drosha decreases in 6-OHDA-induced cellular and animal models of PD. 6-OHDA induced a p38 MAPK-dependent phosphorylation of Drosha. This triggered Drosha degradation. Enhancing the level of Drosha protected the dopaminergic (DA) neurons from 6-OHDA-induced toxicity in both in vitro and in vivo models of PD and alleviated the motor deficits of PD mice. These findings reveal that Drosha plays a critical role in the survival of DA neurons and suggest that stress-induced destabilization of Drosha may be part of the pathological process in PD.
Selo DaSilva