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Induction prednisone dosing for childhood nephrotic syndrome: how low should we go?

Sibley, Matthew; Roshan, Abishek; Alshami, Alanoud; Catapang, Marisa; Jöbsis, Jasper J; Kwok, Trevor; Polderman, Nonnie; Sibley, Jennifer; Matsell, Douglas G; Mammen, Cherry.
Pediatr Nephrol; 33(9): 1539-1545, 2018 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29789934

BACKGROUND:

Historically, children with nephrotic syndrome (NS) across British Columbia (BC), Canada have been cared for without formal standardization of induction prednisone dosing. We hypothesized that local historical practice variation in induction dosing was wide and that children treated with lower doses had worse relapsing outcomes.

METHODS:

This retrospective cohort study included 92 NS patients from BC Children's Hospital (1990-2010). We excluded secondary causes of NS, age < 1 year at diagnosis, steroid resistance, and incomplete induction due to early relapse. We explored cumulative induction dose and defined dosing quartiles. Relapsing outcomes above and below each quartile threshold were compared including total relapses in 2 years, time to first relapse, and proportions developing frequently relapsing NS (FRNS) or starting a steroid-sparing agent (SSA).

RESULTS:

Cumulative prednisone was widely distributed with approximated median, 1st, and 3rd quartile doses of 2500, 2000, and 3000 mg/m2 respectively. Doses ≤ 2000 mg/m2 showed significantly higher relapses (4.2 vs 2.7), shorter time to first relapse (61 vs 175 days), and higher SSA use (36 vs 14%) compared to higher doses. Doses ≤ 2500 mg/m2 also showed significantly more relapses (3.9 vs 2.2), quicker first relapse (79 vs 208 days), and higher FRNS (37 vs 17%) and SSA use (28 vs 11%). Relapsing outcomes lacked statistical difference in ≤ 3000 vs > 3000 mg/m2 doses.

CONCLUSIONS:

Results strongly justify our development of a standardized, province-wide NS clinical pathway to reduce practice variation and minimize under-treatment. The lowest induction prednisone dosing threshold to minimize future relapsing risks is likely between 2000 and 2500 mg/m2. Further prospective studies are warranted.
Selo DaSilva