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Association of Change in Patient-Reported Health Status after Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement, and Postoperative Outcomes.

Kofi Okoh, Alexis; Kang, Nathan; Chauhan, Dhaval; Haik, Nicky; Hanos, Dustin; Cohen, Marc; Chen, Chungeng; Haik, Bruce; Russo, Mark J.
J Heart Valve Dis; 26(5): 493-501, 2017 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29762917

BACKGROUND:

The study aim was to investigate the relationship between postoperative morbidity after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) and short-term patient-reported health status, using the Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire (KCCQ).

METHODS:

The association between 30-day post-procedure changes in patient-reported heath status and post-TAVR outcomes was examined. Patients were stratified into three groups based on observed changes in KCCQ-Overall scores (OS): Group A, increase in KCCQ-OS ≥10 points; Group B, KCCQ-OS scores <10 points; and Group C, decline in KCCQ-OS ≥10 points. Variation components of KCCQ scores were determined using paired t-tests. Postoperative morbidity was investigated. Multivariable logistic regression was used to identify pre-procedural factors associated with an increase or decline in KCCQ-OS at 30 days.

RESULTS:

A total of 223 patients with complete baseline and postoperative 30-day KCCQ responses was studied. At the 30-day follow up there was a significant change in baseline mean KCCQ-OS for all patients (mean difference 14.1; p <0.0001). Improvement in KCCQ-OS ≥10 was observed in 130 patients (58%), 64 patients (29%) had no change, and 29 patients (13%) had a decline in KCCQ-OS ≥10. The incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI), permanent pacemaker (PPM) placement and new-onset arrhythmia (NOA) was higher in group C than in groups A and B: AKI, 11%, 0%, 0%; p <0.001; PPM, 21%, 4%, 6%; p = 0.004; and NOA, 21%, 5%, 8%, p = 0.026. Independent predictors of decline in KCCQ scores after TAVR were PPM requirement (estimate: 0.76 CI 0.22, 1.29; p = 0.005) and NYHA functional class (III/IV) (estimate: -0.41 CI -0.71, 0.10; p = 0.009).

CONCLUSIONS:

TAVR patients experienced an improvement in health status after the procedure, but for a smaller proportion their health status worsened. Patients who experience perioperative complications may have a decline in their health status after the procedure in the short term.
Selo DaSilva