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Characterisation of Lamp2-deficient rats for potential new animal model of Danon disease.

Ma, Shuoyi; Zhang, Miao; Zhang, Shuai; Wang, Jing; Zhou, Xia; Guo, Guanya; Wang, Lu; Wang, Min; Peng, Zhengwu; Guo, Changcun; Zheng, Xiaohong; Zhou, Xinmin; Wang, Jingbo; Han, Ying.
Sci Rep; 8(1): 6932, 2018 05 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29720683
Danon disease (DD) is caused by the absence or malfunction of lysosomal-associated membrane protein 2 (LAMP2). Although Lamp2-deficient mice and DD patients have similar characteristics, these mice have clear limitations and are clinically inconsistent. The aim of our paper is to outline the characteristics of Lamp2-deficient rats and to contrast this model with currently available DD mouse models. The baseline levels of some serum enzymes were elevated in Lamp2y/- rats along with hypercholesterolemia and hyperglycaemia at 8 weeks. Echocardiography showed that IVSd (1.500 ± 0.071 vs. 2.200 ± 1.147, P < 0.01) and LVPWd (1.575 ± 0.063 vs. 1.850 ± 0.029, P < 0.01) were significantly increased, and GCS (-13.20 ± 0.4814 vs. -6.954 ± 0.665) and GRS (21.42 ± 1.807 vs. 7.788 ± 1.140) were sharply decreased. Meanwhile, substantial myocyte disruption, hypertrophic muscle fibres, interstitial fibrosis and microvascular hyperplasia could be observed in the heart tissue. Lamp2y/- rats also displayed abnormal behaviours in the open field and fear conditioning tests. Notably, Lamp2y/- rats manifested other system dysfunctions, such as retinopathy, chronic kidney injury and sterility. Based on these results, Lamp2-deficient rats exhibited greater similarity to DD patients in terms of onset and multisystem lesions than did mouse models, and these rats could be used as a valuable animal model for DD.
Selo DaSilva