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Implementing the End TB Strategy in the Western Pacific Region: Translating vision into reality.

Rahevar, Kalpeshsinh; Fujiwara, Paula I; Ahmadova, Shalala; Morishita, Fukushi; Reichman, Lee B.
Respirology; 23(8): 735-742, 2018 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29648691
The End TB Strategy aims to end the global tuberculosis (TB) epidemic by 2035 in line with the sustainable development goals targets and has been implemented in the World Health Organization (WHO) Western Pacific Region since 2015. Significant progress has been made in implementing this strategy. However, several challenges still remain. In 2016, an estimated 1.8 million people developed TB in the region, and of these about 20% were missed by national TB programmes. The gap in diagnosis and enrolment as well as treatment completion is greater with drug-resistant TB. Many TB-affected families face catastrophic costs due to the disease. Sustaining financing for TB care is a long-term challenge in many countries. This article emphasizes targeted interventions in high-risk populations, including systematic screening and patient-centred TB care. Several other approaches including improving TB diagnostic tools and algorithm, and engaging all care providers are suggested to find missing TB patients. Drug-resistant TB requires additional resourcing for laboratories, enrolment and patient support. Specific measures are required at different levels to mitigate financial burden due to TB including linking TB to overall social protection schemes. The Moscow Ministerial conference in 2017 and upcoming United Nations (UN) 2018 high-level meeting provide an opportunity to raise TB higher on the global agenda, forge partnerships and move towards universal health coverage.
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