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Structure-activity relationships of succinimidyl-Cys-C(O)-Glu derivatives with different near-infrared fluorophores as optical imaging probes for prostate-specific membrane antigen.

Matsuoka, Daiko; Watanabe, Hiroyuki; Shimizu, Yoichi; Kimura, Hiroyuki; Yagi, Yusuke; Kawai, Ryoko; Ono, Masahiro; Saji, Hideo.
Bioorg Med Chem; 26(9): 2291-2301, 2018 05 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29580851
Prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA), which is overexpressed in malignant prostate cancer (PCa), is an ideal target for imaging and therapy of PCa. We previously reported a PSMA imaging probe, 800CW-SCE, based on succinimidyl-Cys-C(O)-Glu (SCE) for optical imaging of PCa. In this study, we investigated the structure-activity relationships of novel SCE derivatives with five different near-infrared (NIR) fluorophores (IRDye 680LT, IRDye 750, Indocyanine Green, Cyanine 5.5, and Cyanine 7) as optical imaging probes targeting PSMA. An in vitro binding assay revealed that 800CW-SCE, 680LT-SCE, and 750-SCE exhibited higher binding affinity than 2-PMPA, which is known as a PSMA inhibitor. These three SCE derivatives were internalized into PSMA-positive cells (LNCaP cells) but not into PSMA-negative cells (PC-3 cells). In the in vivo imaging study, 800CW-SCE and 750-SCE were highly accumulated in LNCaP tumors but not in PC-3 tumors, and the ratio of LNCaP/PC-3 accumulation of 800CW-SCE was higher than that of 750-SCE. The present study may provide valuable molecular design information for the future development of new PSMA imaging probes based on the SCE scaffold.
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