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A rat model of SHPT with bone abnormalities in CKD induced by adenine and a high phosphorus diet.

Ni, Li-Hua; Tang, Ri-Ning; Lv, Lin-Li; Wu, Min; Wang, Bin; Wang, Feng-Mei; Ni, Hai-Feng; Song, Kai-Yun; Wang, Li-Ting; Chen, Qiang; Liu, Bi-Cheng.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun; 498(3): 654-659, 2018 04 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29545182
The study of parathyroid hyperplasia with bone disease as a critical manifestation of chronic kidney disease-mineral and bone disorders (CKD-MBDs) is challenging due to the lack of a suitable research model. Here, we established a rat model with secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) and bone disease induced by adenine and a high phosphorous diet and analyzed the skeletal characteristics. We performed blood analysis, emission computed tomography (ECT), dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA), micro-computed tomography (micro-CT), bone histomorphometry, and bone mechanical tests. The CKD rats with SHPT induced by adenine and a high phosphorus diet showed severe abnormalities in calcium and phosphorus metabolism and exhibited parathyroid hyperplasia. The bone mineral density (BMD) of femurs and lumbar vertebrae was significantly lower in the CKD rats than in the control (CTL) rats. The cortical and trabecular bone parameters of femurs showed significant bone loss. In addition, we found decreases in ultimate force, work to failure, stiffness, and elastic modulus in the CKD rats. In conclusion, our findings demonstrated that the CKD rats with SHPT induced by adenine and a high phosphorus diet may serve as a useful model for skeletal analysis in CKD with SHPT.
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