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Islet proteomics reveals genetic variation in dopamine production resulting in altered insulin secretion.

Mitok, Kelly A; Freiberger, Elyse C; Schueler, Kathryn L; Rabaglia, Mary E; Stapleton, Donald S; Kwiecien, Nicholas W; Malec, Paige A; Hebert, Alexander S; Broman, Aimee T; Kennedy, Robert T; Keller, Mark P; Coon, Joshua J; Attie, Alan D.
J Biol Chem; 293(16): 5860-5877, 2018 04 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29496998
The mouse is a critical model in diabetes research, but most research in mice has been limited to a small number of mouse strains and limited genetic variation. Using the eight founder strains and both sexes of the Collaborative Cross (C57BL/6J (B6), A/J, 129S1/SvImJ (129), NOD/ShiLtJ (NOD), NZO/HILtJ (NZO), PWK/PhJ (PWK), WSB/EiJ (WSB), and CAST/EiJ (CAST)), we investigated the genetic dependence of diabetes-related metabolic phenotypes and insulin secretion. We found that strain background is associated with an extraordinary range in body weight, plasma glucose, insulin, triglycerides, and insulin secretion. Our whole-islet proteomic analysis of the eight mouse strains demonstrates that genetic background exerts a strong influence on the islet proteome that can be linked to the differences in diabetes-related metabolic phenotypes and insulin secretion. We computed protein modules consisting of highly correlated proteins that enrich for biological pathways and provide a searchable database of the islet protein expression profiles. To validate the data resource, we identified tyrosine hydroxylase (Th), a key enzyme in catecholamine synthesis, as a protein that is highly expressed in ß-cells of PWK and CAST islets. We show that CAST islets synthesize elevated levels of dopamine, which suppresses insulin secretion. Prior studies, using only the B6 strain, concluded that adult mouse islets do not synthesize l-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (l-DOPA), the product of Th and precursor of dopamine. Thus, the choice of the CAST strain, guided by our islet proteomic survey, was crucial for these discoveries. In summary, we provide a valuable data resource to the research community, and show that proteomic analysis identified a strain-specific pathway by which dopamine synthesized in ß-cells inhibits insulin secretion.
Selo DaSilva