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Endothelial Cell-Specific Molecule-1 in Critically Ill Patients With Hematologic Malignancy.

Zafrani, Lara; Resche-Rigon, Matthieu; De Freitas Caires, Nathalie; Gaudet, Alexandre; Mathieu, Daniel; Parmentier-Decrucq, Erika; Lemiale, Virginie; Mokart, Djamel; Pène, Frédéric; Kouatchet, Achille; Mayaux, Julien; Vincent, François; N'yunga, Martine; Bruneel, Fabrice; Rabbat, Antoine; Lebert, Christine; Perez, Pierre; Meert, Anne-Pascale; Benoit, Dominique; Darmon, Michael; Azoulay, Elie.
Crit Care Med; 46(3): e250-e257, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29474336

OBJECTIVES:

To assess whether serum concentration of endothelial cell-specific molecule-1 (Endocan) at ICU admission is associated with the use of ICU resources and outcomes in critically ill hematology patients.

DESIGN:

Prospective multicenter cohort study.SETTING: Seventeen ICUs in France and Belgium.PATIENTS: Seven hundred forty-four consecutive critically ill hematology patients; 72 critically ill septic patients without hematologic malignancy; 276 healthy subjects.INTERVENTION: None.

MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS:

Median total endocan concentrations were 4.46 (2.7-7.8) ng/mL. Endocan concentrations were higher in patients who had received chemotherapy before ICU admission (4.7 [2.8-8.1] ng/mL vs. 3.7 [2.5-6.3] ng/mL [p = 0.002]). In patients with acute respiratory failure, endocan levels were increased in patients with drug-induced pulmonary toxicity compared with other etiologies (p = 0.038). Total endocan levels higher than 4.46 ng/mL were associated with a higher cumulative probability of renal replacement therapy requirement (p = 0.006), a higher requirement of mechanical ventilation (p = 0.01) and a higher requirement of vasopressors throughout ICU stay (p < 0.0001). By multivariate analysis, total endocan levels at admission were independently associated with ICU mortality (odds ratios, 1.39; 95% CI, 1.06-1.83; p = 0.018). The predictive value of endocan peptide fragments of 14 kDa in terms of mortality and life-sustaining therapies requirement was inferior to that of total endocan. Endocan levels were higher in critically ill hematology patients compared with healthy subjects (p < 0.0001) but lower than endocan values in critically ill septic patients without hematologic malignancy (p = 0.005) CONCLUSIONS:: Serum concentrations of endocan at admission are associated with the use of ICU resources and mortality in critically ill hematology patients. Studies to risk-stratify patients in the emergency department or in the hematology wards based on endocan concentrations to identify those likely to benefit from early ICU management are warranted.
Selo DaSilva