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Revisión de modelos para el análisis de dilemas éticos. / [Review of models for the analysis of ethical dilemmas].

Ruíz-Cano, Jennifer; Cantú-Quintanilla, Guillermo R; Ávila-Montiel, Diana; Gamboa-Marrufo, José Domingo; Juárez-Villegas, Luis E; de Hoyos-Bermea, Adalberto; Chávez-López, Adrián; Estrada-Ramírez, Karla P; Merelo-Arias, Carlos A; Altamirano-Bustamante, Myriam M; de la Vega-Morell, Nahum; Peláez-Ballestas, Ingris; Guadarrama-Orozco, Jessica H; Muñoz-Hernández, Onofre; Garduño-Espinosa, Juan.
Bol Med Hosp Infant Mex; 72(2): 89-98, 2015 Mar - Apr.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29425998
In pediatric medical practice it is common to encounter situations that represent a dilemma for health professionals. A dilemma occurs when ethical problems found in professional practice cause serious internal conflicts because they imply actions that contradict their colleagues, employees, or their own personal values and are classified as personal value conflicts, conflicts with other professionals, conflicts with clients and with organizations. A literature review allowed identifying different models to debate these types of dilemmas. The present work is a review of the search of scientific articles using databases such as Ebsco Host, ProQuest, Ovid, and InMex as well as metasearch tools such as metacrawler. The models found are as follows: Model of Anne Davis, Nijmegen method, Method of Diego Gracia, Integral method, Bochum Center Ethics model, Model of Brody and Payton, Model of Curtin and Flaherty, Model of Thompson and Thompson, SAD method, Model of Javier Morata, Model of Elaine Congress, IFSW model, Model of Loewenberg and Dolgoff, Ley Social Model, DOER method, Model of Brommer, Model of Corey and Callanan, Model of Pope and Vasquez, Model of Bush, Connell and Denney, Model of Ferrell, Gresham and Fraedrich, and Model of Hunt and Vitell. The key criteria shared in the different models are a) specifying the ethical dilemma, b) description of the facts, c) value definition, moral code and facts, decision making and d) identifying alternative solutions. In order to review the literature, some models are explained with the purpose of identifying and representing critical elements that clinical ethics committees could use in a practical manner in pediatric health institutions in Mexico.
Selo DaSilva