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The toxic nature of murine amylin and the immune responsivity of pancreatic islet to conformational antibody in mice.

Erthal, Luiza C S; Jotha-Mattos, Luana; Lara, Flávio Alves; Dos Reis, Sabrina Alves; de Oliveira Pascarelli, Bernardo Miguel; Costa, Cinthia Melo; Souza, Kleber L A; Lima, Luís Maurício T R.
Mol Cell Biochem; 447(1-2): 1-7, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29372531
The human amylin is a pancreatic peptide hormone found in hyperhormonemic state along with insulin in subclinical diabetes. Amylin has been associated with the pathology of type 2 diabetes, particularly due to its ability to assembly into toxic oligomers and amyloid specimens. On the other hand, some variants such as murine amylin has been described as non-amyloidogenic, either in vitro or in vivo. Recent data have demonstrated the amyloid propensity of murine amylin and the therapeutic analogue pramlintide, suggesting a universality for amylin amyloidosis. Here, we report the amyloidogenesis of murine amylin, which showed lower responsivity to the fluorescent probe thioflavin T compared to human amylin, but presented highly organized fibrilar amyloid material. The aggregation of murine amylin also resulted in the formation of cytotoxic specimens, as evaluated in vitro in INS-1 cells. The aggregation product from murine amylin was responsive to a specific antibody raised against amyloid oligomers, the A11 oligomer antibody. Pancreatic islets of wild-type Swiss male mice have also shown responsivity for the anti-oligomer, indicating the natural abundance of such specimen in rodents. These data provide for the first time evidences for the toxic nature of oligomeric assemblies of murine amylin and its existence in wild-type, non-transgenic mice.
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