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Proteomics Profiling of CLL Versus Healthy B-cells Identifies Putative Therapeutic Targets and a Subtype-independent Signature of Spliceosome Dysregulation.

Johnston, Harvey E; Carter, Matthew J; Larrayoz, Marta; Clarke, James; Garbis, Spiro D; Oscier, David; Strefford, Jonathan C; Steele, Andrew J; Walewska, Renata; Cragg, Mark S.
Mol Cell Proteomics; 17(4): 776-791, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29367434
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is a heterogeneous B-cell cancer exhibiting a wide spectrum of disease courses and treatment responses. Molecular characterization of RNA and DNA from CLL cases has led to the identification of important driver mutations and disease subtypes, but the precise mechanisms of disease progression remain elusive. To further our understanding of CLL biology we performed isobaric labeling and mass spectrometry proteomics on 14 CLL samples, comparing them with B-cells from healthy donors (HDB). Of 8694 identified proteins, ∼6000 were relatively quantitated between all samples (q<0.01). A clear CLL signature, independent of subtype, of 544 significantly overexpressed proteins relative to HDB was identified, highlighting established hallmarks of CLL (e.g. CD5, BCL2, ROR1 and CD23 overexpression). Previously unrecognized surface markers demonstrated overexpression (e.g. CKAP4, PIGR, TMCC3 and CD75) and three of these (LAX1, CLEC17A and ATP2B4) were implicated in B-cell receptor signaling, which plays an important role in CLL pathogenesis. Several other proteins (e.g. Wee1, HMOX1/2, HDAC7 and INPP5F) were identified with significant overexpression that also represent potential targets. Western blotting confirmed overexpression of a selection of these proteins in an independent cohort. mRNA processing machinery were broadly upregulated across the CLL samples. Spliceosome components demonstrated consistent overexpression (p = 1.3 × 10-21) suggesting dysregulation in CLL, independent of SF3B1 mutations. This study highlights the potential of proteomics in the identification of putative CLL therapeutic targets and reveals a subtype-independent protein expression signature in CLL.
Selo DaSilva