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[Long-term outcome and prognostic factors in pregnant women with pulmonary arterial hypertension associated with congenital heart disease].

Ou, Q T; Lu, J K; Zhang, J; Chen, Y; Li, Q; Zhang, J L.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi; 56(11): 827-832, 2017 Nov 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29136712

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate the perinatal outcome, risk factors and long-term outcome of pregnancy complicated with pulmonary arterial hypertension(PAH) and congenital heart diseases (CHD).

METHODS:

Clinical data of 110 pregnant women who were diagnosed as PAH-CHD were retrospectively analyzed in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Surgical Intensive Care Unit at Beijing Anzhen Hospital from 2004 to 2013. The survival and treatment status were followed up.

RESULTS:

110 subjects consisted of 11 mild PAH, 33 moderate and 66 severe ones. The incidences of deterioration in New York Heart Association (NYHA) classes (≥2) during pregnancy, respiratory failure, pulmonary hypertension crisis and arrhythmia were 25.5% (28/110), 7.3% (8/110), 10.0% (11/110), 10.0% (11/110) respectively. Among them, the difference of deterioration in NYHA classes (≥2) during pregnancy among the three groups was statistically significant. A total of 8 (7.3%) maternal deaths occurred during hospitalization, all of whom were severe PAH cases. Multivariate analysis showed that pulmonary artery systolic pressure was a risk factor of perioperative death (OR=1.042, P=0.005). There were 55 cases (50.0%) of term delivery, and 35 cases (31.8%) of iatrogenic abortion. The proportion of term delivery in the severe PAH group was significantly lower. The proportion of iatrogenic abortion and small for gestational age infant (SGA) were higher in severe group. The incidence of neonatal malformations was 8.0% (6/75). The follow-up rate was 61.8% (63/102). Sudden death was reported in a parturient a few days after discharge. The remaining 62 patients survived during follow-up, while 53 patients (85.5%) were functional class (FC) Ⅰ-Ⅱ, 9 (14.5%) were FC Ⅲ-Ⅳ at follow-up. The cardiac function deterioration during pregnancy was not significantly correlated with long-term deterioration (P=0.767).

CONCLUSIONS:

Perinatal mortality and the incidence of maternal and fetal adverse events were high in pregnancy with PAH-CHD. Pulmonary artery systolic pressure is a major risk factor for perioperative mortality in pregnant women. PAH-CHD woman had good overall outcome after puerperium.
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