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Limited role of kininogen in the host response during gram-negative pneumonia-derived sepsis.

Ding, Chao; van 't Veer, Cornelis; Roelofs, Joris J T H; Shukla, Meenal; McCrae, Keith R; Revenko, Alexey S; Crosby, Jeff; van der Poll, Tom.
Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol; 314(3): L397-L405, 2018 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29122754
High-molecular-weight kininogen (HK), together with factor XI, factor XII and prekallikrein, is part of the contact system that has proinflammatory, prothrombotic, and vasoactive properties. We hypothesized that HK plays a role in the host response during pneumonia-derived sepsis. To this end mice were depleted of kininogen (KNG) to plasma HK levels of 28% of normal by repeated treatment with a specific antisense oligonucleotide (KNG ASO) for 3 wk before infection with the common human sepsis pathogen Klebsiella pneumoniae via the airways. Whereas plasma HK levels increased during infection in mice treated with a scrambled control ASO (Ctrl ASO), HK level in the KNG ASO-treated group remained reduced to 25-30% of that in the corresponding Ctrl ASO group both before and after infection. KNG depletion did not influence bacterial growth in lungs or dissemination to distant body sites. KNG depletion was associated with lower lung CXC chemokine and myeloperoxidase levels but did not impact neutrophil influx, lung pathology, activation of the vascular endothelium, activation of the coagulation system, or the extent of distant organ injury. These results were corroborated by studies in mice with a genetic deficiency of KNG, which were indistinguishable from wild-type mice during Klebsiella-induced sepsis. Both KNG depletion and KNG deficiency were associated with strongly reduced plasma prekallikrein levels, indicating the carrier function of HK for this zymogen. This study suggests that KNG does not significantly contribute to the host defense during gram-negative pneumonia-derived sepsis.
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