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Integrating evolutionary and regulatory information with a multispecies approach implicates genes and pathways in obsessive-compulsive disorder.

Noh, Hyun Ji; Tang, Ruqi; Flannick, Jason; O'Dushlaine, Colm; Swofford, Ross; Howrigan, Daniel; Genereux, Diane P; Johnson, Jeremy; van Grootheest, Gerard; Grünblatt, Edna; Andersson, Erik; Djurfeldt, Diana R; Patel, Paresh D; Koltookian, Michele; M Hultman, Christina; Pato, Michele T; Pato, Carlos N; Rasmussen, Steven A; Jenike, Michael A; Hanna, Gregory L; Stewart, S Evelyn; Knowles, James A; Ruhrmann, Stephan; Grabe, Hans-Jörgen; Wagner, Michael; Rück, Christian; Mathews, Carol A; Walitza, Susanne; Cath, Daniëlle C; Feng, Guoping; Karlsson, Elinor K; Lindblad-Toh, Kerstin.
Nat Commun; 8(1): 774, 2017 10 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29042551
Obsessive-compulsive disorder is a severe psychiatric disorder linked to abnormalities in glutamate signaling and the cortico-striatal circuit. We sequenced coding and regulatory elements for 608 genes potentially involved in obsessive-compulsive disorder in human, dog, and mouse. Using a new method that prioritizes likely functional variants, we compared 592 cases to 560 controls and found four strongly associated genes, validated in a larger cohort. NRXN1 and HTR2A are enriched for coding variants altering postsynaptic protein-binding domains. CTTNBP2 (synapse maintenance) and REEP3 (vesicle trafficking) are enriched for regulatory variants, of which at least six (35%) alter transcription factor-DNA binding in neuroblastoma cells. NRXN1 achieves genome-wide significance (p = 6.37 × 10-11) when we include 33,370 population-matched controls. Our findings suggest synaptic adhesion as a key component in compulsive behaviors, and show that targeted sequencing plus functional annotation can identify potentially causative variants, even when genomic data are limited.Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a neuropsychiatric disorder with symptoms including intrusive thoughts and time-consuming repetitive behaviors. Here Noh and colleagues identify genes enriched for functional variants associated with increased risk of OCD.
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