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An X-linked Myh11-CreERT2 mouse line resulting from Y to X chromosome-translocation of the Cre allele.

Liao, Mingmei; Zhou, Junmei; Wang, Fen; Ali, Yasmin H; Chan, Kelvin L; Zou, Fei; Offermanns, Stefan; Jiang, Zhisheng; Jiang, Zhihua.
Genesis; 55(9)2017 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28845554
The Myh11-CreERT2 mouse line (Cre+ ) has gained increasing application because of its high lineage specificity relative to other Cre drivers targeting smooth muscle cells (SMCs). This Cre allele, however, was initially inserted into the Y chromosome (X/YCre+ ), which excluded its application in female mice. Our group established a Cre+ colony from male ancestors. Surprisingly, genotype screening identified female carriers that stably transmitted the Cre allele to the following generations. Crossbreeding experiments revealed a pattern of X-linked inheritance for the transgene (k > 1000), indicating that these female carries acquired the Cre allele through a mechanism of Y to X chromosome translocation. Further characterization demonstrated that in hemizygous X/XCre+ mice Cre activity was restricted to a subset arterial SMCs, with Cre expression in arteries decreased by 50% compared to X/YCre+ mice. This mosaicism, however, diminished in homozygous XCre+ /XCre+ mice. In a model of aortic aneurysm induced by a SMC-specific Tgfbr1 deletion, the homozygous XCre+ /XCre+ Cre driver unmasked the aortic phenotype that is otherwise subclinical when driven by the hemizygous X/XCre+ Cre line. In conclusion, the Cre allele carried by this female mouse line is located on the X chromosome and subjected to X-inactivation. The homozygous XCre+ /XCre+ mice produce uniform Cre activity in arterial SMCs.
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