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T-bet-dependent NKp46+ innate lymphoid cells regulate the onset of TH17-induced neuroinflammation.

Kwong, Brandon; Rua, Rejane; Gao, Yuanyuan; Flickinger, John; Wang, Yan; Kruhlak, Michael J; Zhu, Jinfang; Vivier, Eric; McGavern, Dorian B; Lazarevic, Vanja.
Nat Immunol; 18(10): 1117-1127, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28805812
The transcription factor T-bet has been associated with increased susceptibility to systemic and organ-specific autoimmunity, but the mechanism by which T-bet expression promotes neuroinflammation remains unknown. In this study, we demonstrate a cardinal role of T-bet-dependent NKp46+ innate lymphoid cells (ILCs) in the initiation of CD4+ TH17-mediated neuroinflammation. Loss of T-bet specifically in NKp46+ ILCs profoundly impaired the ability of myelin-reactive TH17 cells to invade central nervous system (CNS) tissue and protected the mice from autoimmunity. T-bet-dependent NKp46+ ILCs localized in the meninges and acted as chief coordinators of meningeal inflammation by inducing the expression of proinflammatory cytokines, chemokines and matrix metalloproteinases, which together facilitated T cell entry into CNS parenchyma. Our findings uncover a detrimental role of T-bet-dependent NKp46+ ILCs in the development of CNS autoimmune disease.
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