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Novel strategies for treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension.

Jasinska-Stroschein, Magdalena; Orszulak-Michalak, Daria.
Postepy Hig Med Dosw (Online); 71(0): 577-588, 2017 Jul 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28791952
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a rare disorder associated with abnormally elevated pulmonary pressures that, if untreated, leads to right heart failure and premature death. Special population include patents with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). A greater understanding of the epidemiology, pathogenesis, and pathophysiology of PAH has led to significant advances over the past few years. Modern drug therapy provides a significant improvement in patient symptomatic status and a slower rate of clinical deterioration. Despite this, PAH remains a chronic disease without a cure. There is a need for the development of novel therapies and therapeutic strategies, as treatment options are neither universally available nor always effective, possibly due to the large number of mediator and signaling pathways with downstream effectors which are implicated in the pathobiology of PH, and which are not fully reversed during PAH therapy. In the following pages, we review novel strategies for treatment of PAH. For this purpose we summarized the role of specific drug therapies that involve endothelin receptor antagonists (ERA), phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors (PDE-5i) and prostacyclin and prostanoids (PGI2). We focused on novel molecular mechanisms in PAH of recently approved Guanylate cyclase stimulator and non-prostanoid IP receptor agonist. We discussed novel approach to combined therapy, as well as a new generation of investigational drugs and promising PAH-associated signaling pathways, such as, PDGF, RhoA/ROCK RAAS, HT-5 and others.
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