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REST Final-Exon-Truncating Mutations Cause Hereditary Gingival Fibromatosis.

Bayram, Yavuz; White, Janson J; Elcioglu, Nursel; Cho, Megan T; Zadeh, Neda; Gedikbasi, Asuman; Palanduz, Sukru; Ozturk, Sukru; Cefle, Kivanc; Kasapcopur, Ozgur; Coban Akdemir, Zeynep; Pehlivan, Davut; Begtrup, Amber; Carvalho, Claudia M B; Paine, Ingrid Sophie; Mentes, Ali; Bektas-Kayhan, Kivanc; Karaca, Ender; Jhangiani, Shalini N; Muzny, Donna M; Gibbs, Richard A; Lupski, James R.
Am J Hum Genet; 101(1): 149-156, 2017 Jul 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28686854
Hereditary gingival fibromatosis (HGF) is the most common genetic form of gingival fibromatosis that develops as a slowly progressive, benign, localized or generalized enlargement of keratinized gingiva. HGF is a genetically heterogeneous disorder and can be transmitted either as an autosomal-dominant or autosomal-recessive trait or appear sporadically. To date, four loci (2p22.1, 2p23.3-p22.3, 5q13-q22, and 11p15) have been mapped to autosomes and one gene (SOS1) has been associated with the HGF trait observed to segregate in a dominant inheritance pattern. Here we report 11 individuals with HGF from three unrelated families. Whole-exome sequencing (WES) revealed three different truncating mutations including two frameshifts and one nonsense variant in RE1-silencing transcription factor (REST) in the probands from all families and further genetic and genomic analyses confirmed the WES-identified findings. REST is a transcriptional repressor that is expressed throughout the body; it has different roles in different cellular contexts, such as oncogenic and tumor-suppressor functions and hematopoietic and cardiac differentiation. Here we show the consequences of germline final-exon-truncating mutations in REST for organismal development and the association with the HGF phenotype.
Selo DaSilva